What is Web Hosting? All About Web Hosting

Internet has redefined the way we interact we live in this world. Our daily lives revolve around internet and it’s difficult to keep one selves away from it.

Now many people who are just users of internet might not know about the technicalities of the internet, how it works and what are the elements which let it work in a way we desire. There are several elements which are responsible for seamless experience of internet and here in this post, we are going to discuss about Web Hosting Services which could be said to be the most important tool for a website to operate.

Web Hosting could be said to be a service which facilitates the posting of a Webpage or for that matter any website onto the internet with any specific or custom domain name that you desire. The services of the Web host could be availed by any organisation or any individual.

The Web Host is like a place where you put all the data of your websites and Web Pages so that the visitors from different corners of the world could access them. Web Host provides all the necessary technologies and resources required for the successful viewing of the websites or the Web Pages by the internet users.

Why do we need Web Hosting?

Web Hosts make it possible for the individuals or organisations to put up their Web Pages or Websites on the internet. This could be done by the individuals too through their regular Personal Computers, however regular PC lack the resources required for serving numerous visitors at the same time.

Apart from providing hosting solutions, Web hosts also provide other services for the better functionality of the websites such as Add-ons, Affiliate Programs, among other things. The technical skills associated hosting a website or web page is generally not available with the layman.

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Types of Web Hosting

Different people and organisations have different requirements regarding Web Host. A web host which is suitable for small company with a modest website and relatively low traffic will not be suitable for the website of a large corporation which daily handles several thousands of millions of visitors.

That is why there are different types of web hosting services made which cater to the needs of different clients. Here we are going to discuss about the types of Web Hosting Services available along with their characteristic, features and uses.

1. Cloud Hosting

Cloud hosting is the newest entrant in the market which has promised unmatched reliability and innovation. It stores the file of the server in numerous machines which are functioning redundant tasks together and are connected as single machines.

The working and design of cloud computing is such that it promises unmatched security and reliability of the data. Cloud hosting is basically the procurement of resources from Cloud computing provider where the website uses virtual resources of servers to host the site. Cloud Hosting is considered more reliable, scalable and secure than any other traditional hosting service.

Cloud Hosting is essentially a VPS but VPS is not a cloud hosting. As Cloud Hosting spreads computing resources across different computer units whereas VPS has only a single server which servers to the need of numerous clients.

There are numerous uses of Cloud Hosting such as reliability where the data is stored on numerous virtual servers instead of a single server. If one server goes offline, then other servers could work without any loss of convenience.

Utilization of resources, where the client could use the resources as and when needed, there might be times when the requirements of resources extend to a higher level at the same time there might be times when the requirements reach to a low level. A cloud hosting would account for both types of situations and allocate resources accordingly. The clients essentially pays for what he uses.

There are some cons of Cloud Hosting such as its higher cost as compared to other types of hosting plans, and its complexity of usage as compared to dedicated server or shared hosting.

2. Shared Hosting

In shared Hosting, the hosting company provides hardware which are shared by different users for hosting purposes. For Example- The Data of your website would be kept in the same place along with the data of other websites. You are essentially renting a space on server on which numerous other customers are also renting space.

Shared Hosting is considered most economical hosting service for a website/company. This hosting type is preferred by new entrants in the market, websites with modest number of visitors and so on. This type of hosting is controlled by a system administrator as the service is shared by a myriad of users.

The basic services which are intended to be run on web server could be easily handled by a shared hosting however those who desire to have more control would be disappointed as not much controls would be provided to the individual users for maintaining their servers.

There are some advantages of Shared Hosting such as its affordability, its ability to run basic services for the websites, among others.
However some disadvantages of the same could be its high security risk characteristics, limited control of the client on how the services could work and modification and lastly the limited and basic resources available.

3. Dedicated Hosting

As discussed in the above paragraph, there might be some websites which have more requirements as compared to a simple website owing t its huge client base, high daily traffic and its continuous growth. In such situations a shared web hosting is not preferred at all.

These situations require dedicated resources and services which are provided in a dedicated server. Dedicated Hosting provides dedicated space and resources for a particular organisation or a website, resources of which are exclusively utilized by that company.

In this type of hosting, the client has access to entire server which is utilized by that client only unlike shared web hosting. This type of server allows full flexibility to the owners and the clients. The server allows the client to use the operating system, hardware, among other things.

There are numerous advantages of the dedicated server such as its security, as clients could deploy security measures such as anti-virus, firewall, which are suitable to their individual needs and requirements. Dedicated server also offers more uptime, which is the functionality of the site at all times.

As in today’s era, if the website is down for even a few seconds it could lead to huge loss for the website owners and the clients. Another advantage of using dedicated server is the easy management of the server as the control panel and administrating tools are designed in such a way that the clients with less technical knowledge could use them and get their job done.

However with more features and manageability comes more cost to be incurred. Higher charges of dedicated server is one of it disadvantages.

4. VPS

In Virtual Private Server or VPS, you have your own space on a physical server that is partitioned into multiple private compartments, it is known as Virtualisation. It is different from Shared Hosting as, you don’t have to share your space and resources with others and your space is yours alone.

Think of it as a large building where people have been allotted flats for their inhabitation. The Car Parking area, the laundry area, the swimming pool would be there for every residents which they wouldn’t have to share with anyone and would exercise individual right over them.

Virtual Private Server is preferred by clients who prefer more control than shared hosting but don’t necessarily prefer dedicated hosting. There are several advantages of a VPS host such as its affordability as compared to dedicated hosting, its customization which helps in tailoring the server as per the requirements of the clients and the website.

The manageability and control that the server provider which is at par with shared hosting in terms of manageability and at par with dedicated hosting in terms of its flexibility. Some of the disadvantages of VPS are that the webs hosts may sometime not allocate the resources appropriately, its higher costs as compared to shared Hostings among other things.

• Managed Hosting

In a managed Web Hosting, the Web Hosting Company would take care of numerous aspects of the Website maintenance such as Automated Backups, Malware scanning and removing the malware, Update check and installation, among other things.

In the Servers, the Operating system comprises of such softwares which takes care of the above mentioned features. For many Managed Web Hosting might seem to be the right choice, as one not well versed with the server management would have an easy job maintaining website in a Managed Web Hosting, however there are certain shortcomings of the same.

First being the inability of running any other website on the server as the server is fine tuned for WordPress Sites. It would straight-away affect the functionality of the site. Second shortcoming being support of only a small number of operating systems in case of VPS or Dedicated Server.

In an Unmanaged Web Hosting Service, there might not be many features available or just a few features available for operations of the Website. That might include installation of even basic softwares such as Apache, among others.

In Unmanaged Web Hosting, the management of the Website and the server would be difficult for a newbie in this field and if time constraints entails, then it would be difficult to maintain the server.

Moreover the experience and relevant knowledge about handling is required. One hack could be buying an Unmanaged Web Hosting and paying a third party to set everything for your website. Along with it, you could also take help of DirectAdmin or a cPanel license to manage the same.

5. Reseller Web Hosting

Reseller Web Hosting is essentially like a wholesaler-retailer relationship. A web hosting company leases space to a reseller who then according to his wish puts a price on the leased space and further sells it to his customers.

Reseller Web Hosting is typically used by Small time entrepreneurs, Web Designers, Web Developers or a Web Professional or just a tech professional with a desire to enter into the highly potential market of Web Hosting business. If someone has already got a client base and desire to offer them an add-on service in the form of a web host, they would purchase bulk amount of hosting space and resell it to their customers at a healthy profit. This saves them from investing in real servers, infrastructure and other aspects that a established web hosting company would have to invest in.

The seller gets a master admin area known as Web host manager which helps in keeping a control over the customers and creates plans, accounts; provide certain admin rights to the customers and so on. The difference between shared hosting and reseller hosting is that in case of reseller hosting the customer are provided with their own CPanel or Control Panel, which helps them in setting up their own profiles and make changes which they are empowered to make.

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Difference between Domain and Web Hosting

People are often confused between Web Hosting and a Domain. They consider both one and the same. However they both are different things altogether. Both have their own characteristic, features and objectives. Both play a crucial role in presenting the internet in front of us.

Before understanding about Domain, we would like to explain What a website is. A website is a set of related web pages which are under a single domain name. Now in order to find a website you would have to put on the server IP Address and then enter into the specific website, however with a domain name, you could just put up a specific name for your website and search it on your web browser.

You web browser would translate the Domain name into the specific IP Address and you’ll reach the specific web site. Another characteristic of a domain name is that all domain names are unique and there can’t be two domain name register by two different websites or organisation, That means there would only be one Google.in and no other.

On the other hand, a web host is like a rented room or space where you would keep all the site information, contents, files which your visitors or customers would see. Web Hosting is a company which provides you with the space and hardware and does other essential works such as site maintenance, disaster recoveries and so on.

So this is all about the difference between a web host and a domain name.

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Ways to choose best hosting service

1. Server Uptime Scores

Server uptime score is a deal maker or a deal breaker. A website needs to be running continuously 24*7, there could be no compromise in this regard. If a potential customer visits your site and finds out that its down or inoperable, it would lead to a disastrous impression on that particular customer.

The score of 99.5% and above is the uptime score that you should look for in a service provider. There are several server monitor tools which would inform you about the Uptime of the service provider. As no site can offer a 100% percent uptime, these tools would get you the closest to 100% Uptime.

2. Customer Service

Customer Support is an aspect which shouldn’t be treated as unimportant. As internet is dynamic with ever-changing way of operations. Only the customer support could guide you to tackle those changes and lead you for smooth operations of your site. Make sure the Web Host service provider has a supportive customer service which is just a phone call away.

3. Price

It is a false belief that more price is equal to better features. Instead a Webhosting service provider should keep competitive prices. However if you want additional features than it may come after incurring some costs. Additionally reliable hardware should also be bought as they increase the performance of the site. Try to get features like SSL certificates, AdWords credit, CDN services your plans to get wholesome services.

4. Security

Security is an aspect which carries a large significance. An ideal Web- Hosting service provider must provide daily backups, firewall support and proper authentication of the user. The user’s information and sensitive data shouldn’t be compromised in any case. More than 40% time it is the Hosting service provider’s vulnerability which compromises website’s security. Do a proper research on the security aspects of the Hosting Service provider.

5. Purpose and uses

There are numerous Web Hosting service providers available nowadays. They all have different sort of specialisation and downsides. You need to ask some fundamental questions before searching for the Web Host, such as, What platform am I using? Am I going to feature Bandwidth consuming contents on my website? The answer to these questions would lead to hiring different service provider.

One host might be good for WordPress whereas other might be good for some other platform. Consider your choice and select what suites the best for you.

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How to choose Domain Name?

Domain name plays a crucial role in various aspects such as searchability, Advertising, brandability, among other things. If good amount of time is invested in finding out the perfect domain name for your business, then it would be worth the time spent and reap the fruits for the company in the future. Here are some of the points you should keep in mind while searching for a perfect domain name.

1. Make it short

No one likes typing a long web address to reach a particular website. If you see the most successful websites, you’ll notice that they are one worded or two worded, such as Facebook.com Youtube.com and so on.

2. Use no numbers or hyphens

It’s tough to remember where to put hyphens, which might affect the visibility of your website. Also numerous researches have proved that using numbers in Web Address or company name isn’t a good idea either.

3. Avoid Trademark infringements

Many a times willingly or unwillingly we might put a web domain name which might be conflicting with some company’s registered name and so on. It is always better to hire an expert in this regard so that you don’t have to hire an attorney to get rid of a legal claim against you.

4. Make it easily memorable

Brainstorm over a name which could be easily remembered. In the world of millions of website, it might be difficult to remember for users to remember your site name, however a catchy name would go a long way to provide keep your website away from oblivion.

5. Go for .com

It is advisable to go for .Com, however if you are not able to get a TLD with such as .Com then you could opt for other TLD such as .In, .Net, etc.

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What are TLDs or Top Level Domains

A Top level domain helps in identifying information about the website. There are several TLDs such as .COM, .NET, .ORG, etc. All of these tell something about the website they are used in. For Example, .com would suggest that the website is involved in commercial activities, .Org could be used by an NGO, a Hospital, A trust and so on. There are other information such as country of operation, are also provided through TLDs. TLDs are maintained by Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Number or ICANN.

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In this long post, we tried to cover all the essential aspects of Web Hosting and Domain name. Our main aim was to provide information to the masses in a clear and concise way. With regards to selection of a web host, read the features of the particular web hosting type research upon it and then take a decision.

Also with regards to selection of a domain name, keep in mind the pints we mentioned above so as to come up with a domain name which is unique and serves the intended purpose.

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